Women have been contributed to philosophical topics and
issues since the Ancient Greece. In 1690, Gilles Ménage published the first-ever history of women
philosophers, Historia mulierum philosopharum (History of Women Philosophers), which provides an account of 65 female
philosophers from almost 2500 years (A German translation was published by
Meiner in 2019). The Paris intellectual Ménage advocated the appointment
of women to the Académie française, arguing that their contributions had
greatly enriched science and philosophy. Nearly 100 years later, in 1775, Christian August Wichmann wrote the German encyclopedia Geschichte berühmter Frauenzimmer (History of Famous Women).
Although remarkable studies on the work of women philosophers exist, ranging from overviews to monographs, their names remain unmentioned in relevant encyclopedias and introductions to philosophy. This applies in particular to philosophy of science and the history of logic, mathematics and physics. Nowadays, the awareness of the importance of female philosophers is growing. This is demonstrated not least by a number of research projects and funding priorities at universities worldwide which offer problem-oriented, integrative, systematic and innovative approaches that have the potential to reform and diversify philosophy as a discipline.
My work on women philosophers and scientists is based on two normative pillars: